The Selcuk Castle is situated on a hill to the north of the church. repaired during the Aydinogullari Emirate, which various periods displays building techniques. The perimeter measures nearly 1.4 km. There are arround fifteen towers and a Selcuk mosque dating from the 14th Century.
The main gate of the Selcuk castle was constructed from the stones of Roman buildings in the 6th century. Selcuk castles towers is surrounded by rubble stone city walls reaching to 1.4 km. Church built into a former Byzantines church, small mosque is within the borders of the citadel of Ayasuluk.
Selcuk Castles Characteristics
City of Ephesus was divided between the harbor town and the citadel on the hill. The walls St. John’s Basilica were reinforced, use marble blocks from the past site of Ephesus. Marble facade and the mortared rubble the combination of the made the walls arround 4m thick and the citadel walls are 1.4 km around with towers of the castle. Entry to the castle from the south is through the Gate of Persecution, which leads into the Basilica. The gate used to have a frieze of Odysseus discovering Achilles, and when it was mistakenly thought to depict the persecution of Christians, the gate acquired its name. In the 8th century the square towers on either side of the gate were made pentagonal, aiding in their defensive capabilities.
The location of Ephesus changed over the years lot of times, for various reasons, including the changing course of the Cayster River as well as the need to defend itself against invasions. For more pelase visit the ancient Castle of Selcuk.
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